Glocalization and Teacher Education – Ethical Considerations in Challenging Times

Keywords: glocalization, teacher education, ethics, sustainability, globalization, Ukraine


The article emphasizes that global thinking begins at the structural level of educational programs on teacher preparation, and we offer the example of Ukraine, which recently underwent a large-scale reform of its higher education system towards international standardization, which included their educational program on teacher preparation. At the same time, the process of modernization of higher education in Ukraine has a somewhat one-sided focus on the global sphere and neglects some local features, which has led to the emergence of problems.

This article explores the connection between glocalization and teacher education from methodological and ethical perspective. We argue that global competence helps teachers and future generations to develop a multi-perspective view to accurately respond to current and future challenges and understand the world in its complexity. This mindset also enables them to make thoughtful ethical decisions based on well-considered global principles. In addition, we argue that glocalization begins at the structural level, and offer the example of Ukraine, which recently underwent a large-scale reform of its education system, including teacher education. However, the reform focused mainly on the global sphere and neglected some local features, leading to numerous problems and challenges.

To better understand the idea of glocalization in teacher education from the ethical perspective, future scientific researches can be focused on the study of the international teacher education programs, which find a balance between national traditions and international developments in education, so different systems can learn and enrich each other. Of course, the article does not cover all theoretical aspects of the considered problem and provides further scientific discussions about glocalization in teacher education.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sabrina Viktoria Bacher, Leopold-Franzens-University Innsbruck

Senior Lecturer (Post-Doc) of the Institute for Teacher Training and School Research, Doctor of Philosophy

Kateryna Binytska, Khmelnytskyi Humanitarian-Pedagogical Academy

Professor of the Department of Pedagogy, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor

Christian Kraler, Leopold-Franzens-University Innsbruck

University-Professor of Institute for Teacher Education and School Research, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor


Ziaziun, I. (2012). Pedahohichna profesiia v konteksti dvokh paradoksiv [Pedagogical Profession in the Context of Two Paradoxes]. Profesiina osvita: pedahohika i psykholohiia – Professional Education: Pedagogy and Psychology, 14, 83–92. [in Ukrainian].

Модернізація педагогічної освіти в європейському та євроантлактичному освітньому просторі: монографія / авт. кол. Н.М. Авшенюк, В.О. Кудін, О.І. Огієнко та ін. Київ: Пед. думка. Avsheniuk, N. M., Kudin, V. O., Ohiienko, O. I., & et al. (2011). Modernizatsiia pedahohichnoi osvity v yevropeiskomu ta yevroantlaktychnomu osvitnomu prostori [Modernization of Pedagogical Education in the European and Euro-Atlantic Educational Space]. Kyiv: Pedahocichns dumka. [in Ukrainian].

Pedahohichna Konstytutsiia Yevropy [Pedagogical Constitution of Europe]. Periodical «European Pedagogical Studies». Retrieved from [in English].

Beck, U. (2000). What is Globalization. Polity Press. [in English].

Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary. (2009). «Globalization» as cited by. Retrieved from [in English].

Chomsky, N. (2002). Noam Chomsky Interviewed by Toni Gabric. The Croatian Feral Tribune. Retrieved from [in English].

Darling-Hammond, L., & Bransford, J. (2005). Preparing Teachers for a Changing World. Jossey-Bass. [in English]

Fritzsche, K. P. (2016). Menschenrechte. Ferdinand Schöningh. [in German].

Held, D., McGrew, A., Goldblatt, D., & Perraton, J. (1999). Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture. Stanford University Press. [in English].

Hosseini, S. A. H. (2010). Alternative Globalizations. An Integrative Approach to Studying Dissident Knowledge in the Global Justice Movement. Routledge. [in English]

Loughran, J., & Hamilton, M. L. (2016). International Handbook of Teacher Education. Vol. 1. Springer. [in English].

Luk-Fong, P. Y. Y. (2005). Globalization and localization enmeshed –towards a framework for the development of guidance curriculum in Hong Kong. Globalization, Societies and Education, 3 (1), 83–100. [in English].

Martin, D., & Woodside, A. G. (2008) Dochakuka. Journal of Global Marketing, 21 (1), 19–32. doi:10.1300/J042v21n01_03 [in English].

Morscher, E. (2012). Angewandte Ethik. Grundlagen – Probleme – Teilgebiete. Academia Verlag. [in English].

Patel, F., & Lynch, H. (2013). Glocalization as an Alternative to Internationalization in Higher Education: Embedding Positive Glocal Learning Perspectives. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 25 (2), 223–230. [in English].

Robertson, R. (1992). Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. Sage. [in English].

Robertson, R. (1994). Globalisation or glocalisation?, The Journal of International Communication, 1 (1), 33–52. doi:10.1080/13216597.1994.9751780. [in English].

Rosa, H. (2019). Resonance. A Sociology of Our Relationship to the World. Cambridge: Polity. [in English].

Roudomentof, V. (2016). Glocalization. A Critical Introduction. New York: Routledge.

Tong, H. K., & Cheung, L. H. (2011). Cultural identity and language: a proposed framework for cultural globalization and glocalization. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 32 (1), 55–69. [in English].

Trippestad, T. A., & Huang, Z. (2016). The Glocal Teacher: Multiple perspectives, national and international contexts. Policy Futures in Education, 14 (1), 3–8. [in English]

Trippestad, T. A., & Huang, Z. (Eds.). (2015). Policy Futures in Education. Special Issue: The Glocal Teacher, 14(1). [in English].

UNESCO. (2021). Reimagining our Futures Together. A new social contract for education. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. [in English].

United Nations. (2015). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Retrieved from [in English].

Wolhuter, C. C. (2018). Leading the Way to Impact-Making Research: The Role of Comparative International Perspectives in Research on Leadership in Education in South Africa. In C. C. Wolhuter (Ed.) Raising the Impact of Education Research in Africa, 21–40. [in English].

How to Cite
Bacher, S. V., Binytska, K., & Kraler, C. (2022). Glocalization and Teacher Education – Ethical Considerations in Challenging Times. Pedagogical Discourse, (32), 66-74.