Analysis of the Properties of Critical Thinking in the Process of Educational and Cognitive Activity of an Individual

Keywords: personality, information, critical thinking, properties of critical thinking


The article analyzes the essence and role of critical thinking for individuals. It provides the names of scientists who have examined the essence, features, and properties of critical human thinking in their writings.

In the 21st century, information has taken on new functions, ranging from advancements in equipment and technologies to influencing the way people think. In this context, it becomes crucial for individuals to cultivate critical thinking as a skill that enables them to make well-considered and independent decisions. The article emphasizes the significance and nature of critical thinking as a cognitive process through which the human mind analyzes information to comprehend, generate ideas, or solve problems. The key properties of critical thinking in individuals are highlighted, including awareness, independence, reflexivity, self-analysis, purposefulness, reasonableness, controllability, and self-organization.

Awareness serves as the underlying pillar of the thinking process, providing the groundwork for an individual’s autonomy in attaining their desired objectives (purposefulness). Reflexivity refers to an individual’s capacity for introspection, enabling them to identify the motives behind their actions. Validity involves critically analyzing knowledge and utilizing various cognitive methods to determine the limits of reliability in a process, state, or phenomenon. Controllability, stemming from reflection and critical thinking, emphasizes the ability to exercise control and align reflection with goals, values, and norms. Self-organization, as a characteristic of human nature, entails the regulated behavior of an individual in the absence of external influences, with internal cognitive structures serving as its regulators. It encompasses the capacity to independently structure one’s educational process and direct self-learning, while fostering the development of personal and professional qualities.


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Author Biographies

Oleksandr Halus, Khmelnytskyi Humanitarian-Pedagogical Academy

Pro-Rector for Scientific Work, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor

Oleh Sukhovirskyi, Khmelnytskyi Humanitarian-Pedagogical Academy

Assistant Professor of the Department of Natural and Mathematical Disciplines of the Khmelnytskyi Humanitarian-Pedagogical Academy, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor


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How to Cite
Halus, O., & Sukhovirskyi, O. (2023). Analysis of the Properties of Critical Thinking in the Process of Educational and Cognitive Activity of an Individual. Pedagogical Discourse, (34), 56-60. Retrieved from